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Urban and Regional Planning

Our research develops the theory to many problems occurred in cities and regions, such as land use, transportation, houses, and environment.

While performing phenomenon clarification to these urban problems, our researches aim at establishment of the methodology about the process from the creation of alternatives to decision-making stage.

Academic Staff

Ryoji MATSUNAKA

 Associate Professor (Graduate School of Engineering)

Research Topics

evaluation of urban transport policies, urban policy and environment, public transportation planning, urban transport simulation, sustainable society, activation of city and central city area, projects evaluation, travel behavior analysis, transport policy and funding, barrier free transport.

Contacts

Room 261, C1 Bldg. C Cluster, Katsura Campus
TEL: +81-75-383-3225
FAX: +81-75-383-3227
E-mail: matsu@urban.kuciv.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Tetsuharu OBA

Tetsuharu OHBAAssistant Professor (Graduate School of Engineering)

Research Topics

Urban Planning and Transportation Planning, Historic Preservation/Urban Renewal, Transportation and Land Use, Urban Phenomenon Analysis, Policy Analysis, Spatial Information Analysis using Geographical Information System (GIS)

Contacts

Room 263, C1 Bldg. C Cluster, Katsura Campus
TEL: +81-75-383-3227
FAX: +81-75-383-3227
E-mail: tetsu@urban.kuciv.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Research Topics

Urban amenities

Amenity is defined as the livability of a city, which includes three aspects. The first one is known as various social capitals, which support all actions in the city. They are comprised with natural environment, historical environment (cultural assets and historical climate), street views, sceneries, regional cultures, communities, transportation facilities, schools, parks, hospitals, and facilities for water supply and disposal. The second one is quantity and quality of diverse characters of a city, for instance, safety and relief. And the last but the same important one is a comprehensive value when all the above factors are spatially arranged, which people may have different idea about, according to diverse actions as living, playing, working, learning and moving.

In this laboratory we tackle researches subjecting city amenities as follows.

  • Economic Estimation of Traditional Cultural Goods
  • Economic Estimation for values of Historical Environmental Goods
  • The Economic Evaluation of the ancient capitals preservation law based on the consciousness of citizen
  • Economic analysis for valuation and conservation of Japanese traditional residences in Kyoto
  • Continuous conservation value of Japanese traditional residences in Kyoto
  • Effect analysis of Transfer of Development Rights (TDR) to conserve urban environmental stock
  • Meanings and problems in Delphi’s CVM model with considering of studying processes
  • Cost-Benefit analysis of road infrastructure construction reflect residents consciousness structure
  • Measuring structure and wide sense benefits of road arrangement valuation
  • A study on the optimum adjusting sequence of traffic barrier-free planning for supporting movement
  • The Modeling the Structure of Transportation and cooperation on the Urban Infrastructure Equipment
  • Transfer resistance at terminal in urban public transportation
  • The Analysis of Structure of Temporal and Spatial Ripple Effect

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Figure 1  Land prices change which is caused by Transfer of Development Rights(TDR).

Mobility and Environment

The concept “Sustainable Development” which the Brundtland Committee proposed in 1987 is, recently, the foundation for the policy planning in several countries.

The centralization of population and economy in cities is the globally trend. And now, the greater part of population, economy, and the consumption of resources belongs to urban areas. The globally “Sustainable Development” can not be meaningful and feasible without the improvement of elements in urban areas, such as structure, lifestyle, and economic activity.

We aim to search for the feature of “sustainable city”, analyzing the relationship among mobility, environment, and urban structure. We are doing research as follows.

  • The impact of the policy of urban transportation on environment
  • The analysis on relationship between the characteristic of a city and the level of energy consumption of urban transportation considering the level of mobility
  • The comparative study of national statistics for CO2 emissions in the world

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Figure 2  A road jammed by vehicles and a road occupied by pedestrian

Urban activities and transport

In our lab, diverse researches relating urban planning and transportation planning are carried out, focusing on transportation facilities, which are considered as very important infrastructures to support activities in a city.

  • Optimization of the gradual construction process of a traffic network.
  • Influence and effect that a broader-based traffic project affects international traffic demand.
  • Evaluation of traffic project in consideration of the characteristic of the interurban public traffic
  • International comparison of traffic institution maintenance source by paying attention to the shift of composition of those who pay a tax
  • Creation of the verification system of regional disaster prevention plan in consideration of the activity distribution in the city, in case of earthquake
  • Transport planning in consideration of people’s special and temporal distribution, in the case of earthquake
  • Assessment of transportation policy considering uncertainty of required time and chain of transportation actions
  • Measurement of benefit of construction of space to walk
  • The development of the simulation of urban transportation for comprehensive estimation of the polity of urban transportation
  • The revitalization of the C.B.D
  • The Estimation of Reallocation of Road Space in the C.B.D
  • The Estimation of Measures to improve Problems of the P.F.I Project

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Figure 3  Traffic project valuation system(highway network in Japan)

Laboratory Website