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Planning and Management Systems

Today, creative spillovers among cities are arising from a diverse range of activities as a result of intensive knowledge and information flows using advanced networks. This process, characterizing " the knowledge society ", is accompanied by rapid societal and economical changes that are increasing the uncertainty associated with future events. In this context, policy makers are requiring faster and more flexible tools for decision-making.

This laboratory is concerned with the improvement of social and economic systems. Optimal investments schemes, infrastructure improvement and maintenance strategies, social change uncertainty and project/disaster risk management and communication and human behavior issues are analyzed from the point of view of mainstream economics and mathematical engineering. Many solution tools, methodologies and policies are proposed.

Academic Staff

Kakuya MATSUSHIMA

Kakuya MATSUSHIMAAssociate Professor (Graduate School of Engineering)

Research Topics

Meeting behavior and traffic markets are important elements for the exchange of information and the knowledge society. With this in mind, face-to-face communications and traffic markets structures are analyzed. Using microeconomics and game theory this res earch pays particular attention to coordination problems between independent agents in the market and the production of strategic complementarities.

Contacts

Room 331, C-Cluster C1-2 Katsura Campus
TEL: +81-75-383-3223
FAX: +81-75-383-3224
E-mail: matsushima.kakuya.7u@kyoto-u.ac.jp

Hitomu KOTANI

Assistant Professor (Graduate School of Engineering)

Research Topics

 

Contacts

Room 333, C-Cluster C1-2 Katsura Campus
TEL: +81-75-383-3224
FAX: +81-75-383-3224
E-mail: kotani.hitomu.5c@kyoto-u.ac.jp

 

Research Topics

Infrastructure in the knowledge society and development of creative cities

The integration of globally dispersed economic activities is transforming the structure of countries and regions worldwide. This integration along with the emerging of global networks of cities is a new phenomenon not seen before in the history of mankind. In order to understand the importance of infrastructure improvements in a world of intense competition between regions and cities, it is necessary to broadly extend the past views and deeply redefine and reconsider the role and function of infrastructure.

Conscious of this situation, an analysis of the mechanisms for developing creative cities and an examination of the new problems confronting infrastructure in the coming knowledge society are made. What kind of infrastructure is necessary for the new knowledge society? What kind of city and regional planning policies are preferable for developing creativity in cities and regions? These questions are addressed using economic growth models, urban models and game theory.

Asset management in civil engineering systems

Asset management strategy deals with the problem of maximizing the present value of infrastructure investments. It considers not only the benefits and immediate costs but also the useful life of facilities and its deterioration, the life cycle costs related with maintenance and repairing activities and the uncertainties associated with all this processes.

The main problem in infrastructure management is defining the scale and time of the investments under conditions of uncertainty. This problem is dealt with financial options and other related techniques. Based on financial engineering applications, life cycle cost analysis is used to economically evaluate different maintenance strategies while taking into account various kinds of risks, deterioration processes, demand levels and disasters issues. In addition, in order to consider the variations of the economic and social environment, real option theory is applied to ascertain appropriate timing and sequence of infrastructure projects implementation.

In the same way, different problems that have been traditionally handled independently such as project evaluation, performance-based design, project finance, project / disaster insurance and cat bonds are systematically integrated in a comprehensive asset management technology that encompasses the civil engineering systems as a whole.

Communication and transportation behavior in the knowledge society

New transportation and communication technologies are developing. The diffusion of these technologies is rapidly increasing the flexibility of human communication behavior. The innovation of communications technologies is not only making more efficient and faster transmissions of information and knowledge but also it is expanding the possibilities to connect various types of geographically dispersed activities.

In most of traffic behavior, the decision to mobilize of one individual is not completely independent of that taken by someone else. That is, the traffic behavior of any individual is more or less subjected to the other's traffic behavior. Especially, in face-to-face communications, meeting with other individuals can only be possible as a result of an established mutual agreement.

In this research, meeting, as an important element of communication behavior and consequently of the knowledge society is studied. A methodology for modeling meeting activities is proposed taking into account the strategic complementarities derived from meeting parties' actions. Examination of traffic improvement and transportation policies for supporting meeting activities is also accomplished.

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